Category Archives: About Me

The Best Films of 2015

2015 was a great year for cinema, with UK box office takings on the rise for the first time since 2012.  Big hitters such as Spectre, Jurassic World and The Avengers: Age of Ultron drew audiences in record numbers, although many of the sequels and franchise instalments of this year proved disappointing.

These are my top ten films of 2015. As usual, rather than obscure festival darlings, I’ve selected films that were out in UK cinemas between January and December last year, because too many best film lists are made up of films that haven’t yet or won’t be on general release. This is a list of great films you could have seen, and if you didn’t then you should catch up. These are all worth a watch.

10. Star Wars: Episode VI – The Force Awakens

Director: J.J. Abrams

UK Release: 17 December 2015

A runaway droid protects a critical message, an evil empire is on the rise and a young orphan is discovers their potential to use the force.

In a year full of franchise installments, this was the most highly anticipated of all, but after the disappointment of George Lucas’ hamfisted trilogy of prequels it was also one to approach with caution. Thankfully, J.J. Abrams delivered a Star Wars movie full of nostalgia for the original films that also introduced compelling characters that bring new life to the franchise. Like any Abrams production, the story evaporates if you look at it too closely, but there’s a lot of fun to be had and for that, I can forgive the film’s shortcomings.

 

9. Coherence

Director: James Ward Byrkit

UK Release: 13 Feburary 2015

The effect of a passing comet wreaks havoc on a group of friends at a dinner party.

Coherence is an experiment in cinematic minimalism – shot at the Director’s house over five days with no script and a skeleton crew. The result feels raw and naturalistic. The improvised dialogue is shouty at times but the conflicts and fractures that the group experience as the night wears on give an emotional grounding to the cosmic phenomenon. Byrkit capitalizes on an engaging premise that is perfectly suited to a tight budget.

 

8. Force Majeure

Director: Ruben Östlund

UK Release: 10 April 2015

The bond between a picture-perfect family is tested on a skiing holiday in this darkly comic drama from Sweden.

While the family are at lunch, a controlled avalanche comes uncomfortably close to engulfing the restaurant. Tension arises when Tomas, instead of coming to the aid his wife and children, runs for his life. What follows is an examination of gender roles and expectations within marriage and family and the frustration that arises when these ideals do not hold true in reality. Tomas’s masculinity is in crisis, strained by the restrictions of family life and societal expectation.

The film is punctuated by the surreal routines of the ski resort as cannons blast through the night creating more avalanches and snow ploughs hum across the slopes maintaining order. What is going on is an attempt to restrain nature, to make it more attractive and acceptable – more safe. But as the contradiction of the ‘controlled’ avalanche suggests, nature is wild and dangerous and our attempts to control its power are sometimes futile.

The family’s crisis sparks a debate that picks at the tension between who we truly are and the face we present to the world. The film loses its way a little towards the end, but after unpacking such a can of worms it’s not surprising that finding a resolution is difficult. Despite that, this is a fantastic scenario to chew over, especially when it is so artfully presented.

 

7. Bridge of Spies

Director: Steven Spielberg

UK Release: 27 November 2015

A lawyer who is tasked with representing a suspected Soviet spy soon finds himself deeply embroiled in the Cold War in this engrossing thriller based on true events.

Tom Hanks is perfectly cast as the Jimmy Stewart-like man of values. He plays to his usual type here but is well suited to the role. Mark Rylance also gives a great performance as the stoic enemy agent, resigned to his fate whatever it may be.

The Coen brothers share screenwriting duties with Matt Charman, lending an air of satire and absurdity to the proceedings, especially in the convolutions of the German and Russian bureaucratic processes. The comic touches don’t outweigh the suspense, however. The film contains very little action, but the Cold War setting provides the constant threat of potential violence. The plot is driven by conversation, with numerous scenes that are basically just men talking in rooms and yet the performances and direction keep the tension high throughout the discussions, which could have been inert in lesser craftsmen’s hands. The Coens’ script keeps Spielberg’s usual sentimentality in check and the result is the product of a confident director at the top of his game.

The film is especially pertinent in raising issues with America’s treatment of its enemies, as society is quick to deny basic rights to the accused spy, with the fear of the un-American threat outweighing people’s abilities to see or treat the suspect as a human being. His trial is biased, his right of appeal is denied and the public are baying for his blood in a first act that has shades of To Kill A Mockingbird. It is easy to see reflections here of the current political climate and the ongoing ‘War on Terror’.

 

6. Tangerine

Director: Sean Baker

UK Release: 13 November 2015

Two transgender sex workers have an action packed Christmas Eve in this vibrant farce.

Tangerine was one the most talked about films of 2015’s Sundance Festival, namely for being almost entirely shot using adapted iPhones. The low tech filming technique is a perfect way to capture life on a street level, giving the film a guerilla feel. Life is the operative word here – Tangerine is a film so buzzing with energy and colour that it’s vibrancy is captivating. What is captured is a snapshot of a world that feels genuinely lived-in, every street corner holding potential for more characters and stories that extend beyond the short period we spend there.

Actresses Mya Taylor and Kitana Kiki Rodriguez are both revelations playing fully rounded, flawed characters with foul-mouthed vigour and heartbreaking tenderness. Despite all of the laughs, the bond between their two characters is the most striking and memorable element of this breathless film. This is a Los Angeles that is far from the gaze of traditional Hollywood and a film that, though stylized, feels undeniably true.

 

5. Phoenix

Director: Christian Petzold

UK Release: 8 May 2015

It is the end of the war and German Jewish nightclub singer Nelly is a concentration camp survivor. Her face, disfigured by a bullet wound, is reconstructed with plastic surgery, leaving her unrecognizable to herself. Eager to return to her former life, Nelly searches Berlin for her husband.

Christian Petzold’s compelling post-war drama is all about the German people’s struggle in the wake of World War II. Berlin is a city ravaged by conflict and working to rebuild itself. The film plays with ideas of identity be it lost, altered or performed. Those spared the horror of the camps seem unable to acknowledge the truth, preferring to deny or distort reality. Central to all of this is the identity crisis of Nelly, played perfectly by Nina Hoss. Nelly remains an enigmatic character throughout the film and yet her ambiguity doesn’t distance her from the audience. We are kept in suspense throughout, always wondering who Nelly trusts and what she has planned. The film is beautifully understated, subtle and low key, yet gripping all the way to its electrifying conclusion.

 

4. Carol

 Director: Todd Haynes

UK Release: 27 November 2015

A department store clerk falls for an older woman in 50s New York.

Haynes’s sumptuous adaptation of Patricia Highsmith’s novel The Price of Salt is one of the most moving cinematic love stories of recent years. Every shot is gorgeous, with magnificent period detail and costuming. Cate Blanchett and Rooney Mara have such crackling chemistry onscreen that it is impossible not to root for the couple. The tension of being gay in the restrictive 1950s looms like a cloud over the pair and yet Haynes never makes martyrs of our heroines, giving them dignity and agency rarely afforded to queer characters in Hollywood. Carol is a work of sheer beauty, completely enveloping the audience in its exquisite world. It’s a crime that it didn’t receive an Oscar nomination for Best Picture this year.

 

3. Whiplash

Director: Damien Chazelle

UK Release: 16 January 2015

Ambitious young drummer, Andrew Neiman, strives for greatness at an illustrious music school under the watch of abusive teacher, Fletcher.

Whiplash is a tour de force, charged with energy and intensity. JK Simmons and Miles Teller excel in their roles of tyrannical teacher and driven student, bringing a complex dynamic to life. Simmons terrifies, dominating the screen and Teller’s portrayal of the the internal conflict between Neiman’s drive and his discomfort will have you squirming in your seat. Brought together by a desire for excellence, this pair have a toxic relationship that forces the viewer to question the cost of greatness.

Do artists need to suffer in order to succeed? Simmons’ character certainly thinks so, relaying an anecdote of how a young Charlie Parker had a cymbal thrown at his head when he played badly, and how the resulting shame led him to focus on becoming his absolute best. Whiplash is an unsettling film as we watch Fletcher continually push Andrew, berating and bullying him, always wondering how much more he can take. This intensity is matched by the music of the film, fast-paced, punchy jazz with energetic drumming that requires a really physical performance from Teller. The spirit of the music is suffused throughout the film, as the rhythmic editing follows the beat.

I particularly like the ambiguity of the ending, which could equally be seen as Andrew’s victory or his defeat.

 

2. It Follows

Director: David Robert Mitchell

UK Release: 27 February 2015

“It could look like someone you know or it could be a stranger in a crowd. Whatever helps it get close to you.”

David Robert Mitchell’s It Follows is one of the best horror movies of recent years. It’s not often that a genre movie, especially horror, can be seen as art, but this smart and stylish film is spectacular. Beautifully shot, it is like a spiritual sibling to The Virgin Suicides, existing in a hazy teenage world where adults are rarely seen.

The concept is modern and edgy, so perfect for the genre and its adolescent perspective that it’s a wonder no one has thought of it before. The threat is a supernatural entity that pursues its victims endlessly until it kills them. The only way to save yourself is to pass it on by sleeping with someone. It is open to all manner of potential interpretations such sexually transmitted infections, the loss of innocence and issues of consent. For these young people, sex is a scary concept, one with messy and life-altering implications and the need to pass ‘it’ on is an added pressure to act.

Our unfortunate heroine falls prey to ‘it’ after a date with a charming man that takes a horrible turn. Rising scream queen Maika Monroe brings a balance of vulnerability and resilience to the role of Jay.

The pervading sense of dread is hair-raising and the ever-approaching force leaves the audience on constant lookout during every wide shot as any approaching figure could spell death for our characters. You’ll be looking over your shoulder for a long time after this one.

 

1. The Look of Silence

Director: Joshua Oppenheimer

UK Release: 11 June 2015

Joshua Oppenheimer returns to Indonesia in this follow-up to his documentary The Act of Killing.

The Act of Killing was one of the best films of 2013, but it is also a difficult film for a number of reasons. The documentary took an uncomfortable look back at the Indonesian massacre of 1965-68 in which over 500,000 alleged Communists were murdered by Government-sanctioned death squads. Even more disturbing is the fact that the killers are still in power in local and national government, with the families of the victims continuing to live in silence as their oppressors were celebrated for their ‘heroic’ acts of killing. What has evolved since these events is a society that is deeply held in a complex system of denial through which both victims and perpetrators filter their memories of the past and their present day interactions, unable to accept or acknowledge the tragedy of what happened.

With The Act of Killing, Oppenheimer took an unconventional approach in his exploration of the massacre by asking the leaders of the death squads to recreate the killings as movie scenes in the style of their favourite gangster films. This proved to be a powerful way to demonstrate the galling lack of remorse and empathy of these men. What is tricky for the audience, beyond the shocking content, is that little blame or scrutiny is placed on the killing squad leaders. In order to shine a light on their blasé attitudes to murder, it was necessary for Oppenheimer to collude with these men and to play devil’s advocate. When he began the project, Oppenheimer’s intention was to make a film with the survivors of the genocide, but they were bullied into silence. The Act of Killing was the film that Oppenheimer had to make in order for The Look of Silence to be possible.

All of this background is necessary to begin discussing The Look of Killing because this second film helps to bring the first into perspective. Oppenheimer redresses the balance, giving voice to the victims by bringing us a much more personal viewpoint, that of Optometrist Adi, whose brother Ramli was brutally murdered in the genocide. Adi introduces us to his parents, still traumatised by Ramli’s death and courageously confronts the killers in a series of astonishing and tense interviews. Throughout the film, Adi comes up against the dismissal that “the past is the past,” meeting a resistance to remember on both sides of the atrocity. This denial of the past is so deeply ingrained in the culture that it’s as if everyone has been brainwashed. It is an irreparable wound, cutting deep into the heart of Indonesian culture and being perpetuated through generations.

The Look of Killing is an astonishing and extraordinarily powerful film. It’s more accessible than its forerunner, but no less striking. This is essential viewing.

 

What were your favourite films of 2015? Tell me in the comments below or let me know on twitter.

 

 

 

Why Your Business Needs Video

For a filmmaker like me, it makes sense to have video on my website. Video is my product. Video hosting sites like Vimeo and YouTube allow me to upload my work and embed it on my site. I can display a selection of my best or most recent projects as well as a showreel giving an overview of my work as a whole. Keeping the rest of my work on my YouTube channel allows me to direct potential clients to previous work that is relevant to their project.

The evolution of digital technology has given video a home on the Internet and revolutionised the industry. Before the Internet and digital video, filmmakers like myself would have a very limited output for our work and getting our films seen by an audience was a huge challenge, especially for short films. You could enter festivals and competitions with the hope of being selected, you could organise a screening of your own or you could send out DVD screeners. Your audience was always limited. Online, videos can be accessed by people all over the world, 24 hours a day.

Filmmakers were early adopters of online video because we were quick to see the benefits, but the boom of online video has spread across all industries as more and more businesses are using video within their marketing strategies, even small businesses and start-ups.

If you’re running a business you’ll already have a website and be active across social media, but are you using video yet? You should be. Here’s why:

Video Creates a Personal Connection

You already do a great job of representing your business, so why not put that on show for the rest of the world to see?

Online video:

  • Allows you to pitch your business in your own words
  • Allows you to demonstrate your passion and energy
  • Allows you to convey your knowledge of your industry
  • Allows potential clients to get to know who you are
  • Allows potential clients to see you at work
  • Allows potential clients to see feedback and testimonials from existing customers

An online video is a great way to gain the trust of your potential client base as it gives them a face and personality to relate to and connect with.

Video Drives Sales

  • People can gain a better understanding of a product or a service when they see and hear someone explain it
  • A recent Video Rascal survey showed that 85% of people are more likely to buy a product once they have seen an explainer video
  • Axonn Research found seven in 10 people view brands in a more positive light after watching interesting video content from them
  • Diode Digital found that, before reading any text, 60% of site visitors will watch a video if available
  • Video promotion is over 6 times more effective than print and online

If a client is curious about the product or service that you provide then a video that allows them to see it in action will give them a sense of what to expect and why it has value.

Video Improves Search Engine Optimisation

  • Websites with video on the front page rank higher in Google
  • YouTube is the number 2 search engine in the world
  • YouTube is owned by Google, the number 1 search engine
  • YouTube has more than one billion unique visitors every month
  • Google’s search ranking algorithms take into account how long a visitor stays on your page
  • Visitors are more likely to stay on your site for longer if you have video

Social Media Loves Video

  • Video is the most shared brand content on Facebook
  • Videos are shared 1,200% more times than links and text combined

Every business needs to consider SEO within their marketing strategy. Online video gives you content that can be uploaded to YouTube, embedded in your website and shared across all of your social media channels. If your followers like it then they’ll share it too.

Video isn’t just an addition to your website, it’s becoming something that visitors to your site are expecting to see.

No Business is Too Small

No business is too small to use video as a marketing tool. In fact, I’d argue that it’s even more important if your business is small. Online video isn’t just about marketing; it’s about telling people what you do and why it matters. It’s a great way to demonstrate the value that you offer.

I run my own business and I understand the difficulty of having to cover every role that in a larger company would be shared across a team of staff. Keeping active with social media and marketing can be a challenge when you’re also delivering work and dealing with clients. You can’t do everything at once.

If you run a small business like I do, you’re used to relying on your online presence to do some of the work for you. I consider my website to be my shop front and I’m reassured knowing that it can be accessed 24/7 by potential clients no matter how busy I might be.

I also know how important it is to be able to represent my business in person when the opportunity arises. No one can describe your business better than you do. Being able to talk directly to a potential client is usually the best way to win their confidence but we aren’t always available to make new connections as often as we’d like to. An online video does some of that work for you, enabling visitors to your website to get a sense of who you are and hear you talk about your business with the passion and enthusiasm that you bring to your work every day. An online video can be accessed at anytime of day or night from anywhere in the world, meaning that whether you’re busy at work or it’s out of hours, people can still hear your pitch and engage with what you do.

As for the cost, digital technology has made video production more affordable and more accessible than ever before. A video for your website may not cost as much as you expect.

Case Study

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I’ve been making promotional videos for arts organisations and theatre productions for a while and I’ve recently extended my services to include local businesses. I’m a Community Filmmaker so my interest is in creating content that people can connect with on a personal level.

My latest video is for Octopus Alchemy, a social venture in Brighton that talks food politics and educates people about traditional foods. Octopus Alchemy is run by Darren Ollerton, who has an obvious passion for his work. I used an informal documentary style to make a video about Darren and to showcase his talents as a workshop leader. The aim of the video was to show what his workshops are all about.

I filmed two of Darren’s workshops and an interview with him about his work. The workshop footage conveys a sense of the atmosphere of the workshops and gives potential participants what to expect. I was also able to film participants enjoying the workshop and get their feedback. The accompanying interview gives a sense of who Darren is, how much he knows about the subject he teaches and most importantly, how much he cares about it.

“Whilst I’ve done a bit of it, in various guises, being in front of the camera is not a favourite pastime of mine and filming a promo piece for my project came at quite a difficult time for me. But Evan’s confidence about the project was infectious; he remained very objective about the whole process throughout which was reassuring. Evan definitely has a craft – he works with people, not just film – and he puts community at the forefront of his filmmaking, which really chimes with my politics.”                                – Darren Ollerton, Octopus Alchemy

Ethical businesses and social enterprises like Octopus Alchemy are on the rise in the UK. There is a clear market for personal, local businesses that customers can relate to. Faceless corporations are out of fashion, so letting your client base get to know you through video makes sense.

I have no doubt that your business could be improved by using video and if you’re local to Brighton then I can help you do it. I specialise in working with the community and creating video that has meaning. I can work with you to create a video that is true to your identity as a business. Visit my website to find out more about my work and how to get in touch.

*A lot of these stats were sourced here.

About the Author:

Evan Wilkinson is a Community Filmmaker based in Brighton who creates video for the local community. As well as producing videos and community film projects, Evan teaches workshops in filmmaking, script development and animation. For more information please visit: http://evanwilkinson.co.uk

Exiled: Making A Political Documentary In An Election Year

In the 1960s, some 2000 British citizens were forcibly removed from their island home of Diego Garcia so that Britain could lease it to America for a military base. Exiled follows the journey of these displaced people to rebuild their lives and fight for their return to their homeland.

In 2009 I started work on the documentary Exiled. I was working for a small production company at the time, so small that it was common to be involved in each project in numerous roles. Only about 5 people worked on the film in production and post-production roles. I was the film’s researcher, production assistant, interviewer, scriptwriter, one of the camera operators and the film’s main editor. I probably put in more hours on the project than the director did, by which I mean to say that I was very close to this film.

It was a formative experience for me. The project introduced me to the power of documentary, giving me a new respect for the form and a huge appreciation for factual storytelling. It also gave me one of my greatest experiences of creating a film for and about a community, allowing me to learn about and interact with amazing and inspirational people whose strength and determination should be an example to all of us. I was already engaged in community filmmaking, but this was my first opportunity to see it working on a wider scale and in a more vital context. It played a huge part in shaping my identity as a filmmaker today. The project also brought about my first real engagement with politics and social issues, helping to inform my value system and political leaning.

I felt extremely passionate about telling the story of the Diego Garcians. My experience of making Exiled, and of meeting and working with the Diego Garcian community living in the UK will always stay with me and I still feel a connection to the community.

I learned a huge amount in my research of the islanders’ plight and knew nothing of the situation before embarking on the project. I ended up with a massive wealth of information and I was horrified by my findings. I was shocked to discover that our country could be responsible for such injustice in recent decades, and that so many of us are completely unaware that it even happened and that the saga is ongoing. The history of the Diego Garcians’ experience is long and complex. I’ve posted a brief summary here.

In the build up to the general election, I’ve been reminiscing about the project, which was completed during the last general election in 2010. As the documentary touched on local, national and international politics, the backdrop of the election began to influence the project more and more in the build up to Election Day as it began to attract interest and scrutiny from politicians. I’ve also been in touch with President Allen Vincatassin to find out how the community have fared since the film was made and what progress they have made with their campaign to return home.

Making A Political Documentary In An Election Year

In the 2010 General Election, Crawley’s seat was a swing seat, having been won by only a tiny margin in 2005. Henry Smith was the Crawley Conservative Parliamentary candidate in the 2005 General Election where he received the highest national swing from Labour to Conservative (over 8.5%) reducing the Labour majority from 6,770 to just 37 – making Crawley the most marginal constituency in the country. The winning Labour candidate, Laura Moffatt, had the number 37 tattooed on her ankle as a reminder of how slim her victory was.

The growing Diego Garcian community in Crawley made up over a thousand new voters in the area, so winning their votes was set to make a huge difference to the outcome of the election in 2010. Laura was retiring as an MP and Henry was taking another run at her seat.

Both politicians were involved in the documentary as both had been greatly involved with the Diego Garcian community – Laura in her role as the MP for Crawley and Henry as the leader of West Sussex County Council at the time of the Diego Garcians’ arrival in Crawley. I met them both and interviewed them about their support for the Diego Garcians. Both seemed genuine and engaged. Both continue to support and work with the Diego Garcian community.

We’d reached out to numerous other members of Parliament, past and present who had been involved in the story or could offer a valuable opinion, but we had no take-up.

In March 2010, David Miliband (then Foreign Secretary) visited Crawley to attend an event for the Diego Garcian community. He was involved in declaring the waters around the Chagos Islands a Marine Protection Area in the interest of conservation. The Diego Garcian Society were optimistic about the plan, considering it as not just a means of protecting their homeland, but a potential opportunity for new jobs in the Chagos and a chance to be more connected to their home.

We originally had permission to film the event for our documentary, but found ourselves turned away by security when we arrived with our cameras. After some negotiation by our hosts on the council we were allowed into the event, but sadly, not with our cameras. When the event ended, however, our Director used the question and answer session to his advantage, introducing himself and our project to David Miliband and asking him in front of the audience if he would agree to a quick interview with us. David agreed. We charged back to the car for our kit, ran back in –almost getting blocked by security once again – and hastily set up an on-the-fly interview.

The original footage of the documentary is no longer in my possession (as Compulsive, and its archives are no longer in existence) but I do have a low-res copy of the interview. The quality is terrible and I didn’t include it in the final cut but I’m still proud that I was able to interview the Foreign Secretary.

It felt a little suspect for the government to suddenly take more notice of the Diego Garcians so close to the election but the islanders were optimistic and keen to support any initiative that could lead to a return. Unfortunately, the creation of the conservation area was later criticized as a further obstacle to the Diego Garcians’ right to return as the islanders would now find their return posing a threat to the environment as well as international security. The possibility of this being a tactical move by the British government to further deny Diego Garcians access to their homeland was confirmed by Wikileaks. 

Our clients at Crawley Borough Council, had set a screening date for two weeks before the general election and as the day approached things started to get crazy.

Once government entered Purdah, we were contacted by an official at the council who told us that we needed to submit the film to their office for approval before the screening date. They would advise us as to whether we would be allowed to screen the film and explained that we would need to accept any necessary cuts that they recommend or else have the screening banned. We were told that all publicity of the screening was banned. No photos could be taken at the event. A list of all guests at the screening was required, detailing their political bias. No political figures were permitted to speak at the event unless we allowed someone from every party to speak and be given the same amount of time.

Following this, we had requests from the Foreign Office, the local Conservative Party and the local Labour Party to allow them to see the film before the screening and make cuts if they deemed necessary.

We received a complaint from the Shadow Foreign Secretary about not being included in the documentary – the same Minister who refused our repeated requests for an interview months earlier. All kinds of people who had declined to appear in the film were suddenly angry that they’d been excluded. People seemed to be lining up to speak at the screening, all jostling for a chance to attach themselves to the Diego Garcian cause.

When we informed our clients about the situation they said that moving the screening date would constitute a breach of contract so we found ourselves caught between a rock and a hard place. Our film was at risk of being picked apart. All of our contributors had signed release forms. No one had any rights to our footage beside us. Our commitment was to the Diego Garcian people and to telling their story as best we could. Our intention had always been to allow the community to tell their story in their own words. We didn’t want to relinquish control of our film and allow others to dictate how the story would be told. All of a sudden, all sorts of people who weren’t even involved in the film were concerned about how the film could damage their chances in the election.

It was a stressful week but thankfully we reached an agreement with our client about rescheduling the screening until after the election, which put control of the edit firmly back in our hands. As soon as the screening was moved everyone lost interest again. The Shadow Foreign and Commonwealth Office went back to ignoring our emails and no other politicians besides Henry and Laura retained an interest in taking part in the film or attending the screening.

After the screening in May we worked on a longer 60 minute cut of the film for October’s Black History Month. After that we had plans for a feature-length version of the film that we were unable to raise funding for. Our aim would have been to further investigate the right to return and to question the role of the base in light of emerging evidence of it’s use for renditions flights. We had hoped that this final version of the film could take a harder line against the military base and the politicians involved in the expulsion. We wanted to create a campaign film for the islanders that would really question how this could happen and how the islanders could still be denied the right to return home. It’s unfortunate that our funding applications were unsuccessful.

Then the election came. Henry gained the seat he had been campaigning for for so long. He continues to support the Diego Garcian community in Crawley. Laura retired from politics but also continues her support of the Diego Garcians.

With the new coalition government came austerity cuts to arts budgets and youth services. It was a hard time for community filmmaking. Compulsive Productions sadly closed down the following year and with that went any hope of continuing the project, although I still have hopes of returning to the story one day with a follow-up film. The silver lining of my time ending with Compulsive was that it set me on the path to building a business of my own and Exiled remains to this day one of the most exciting and inspirational projects I’ve ever had the pleasure of working on.

Since the making of the film, Allen Vincatassin has been elected President of the Provisional Government of Diego Garcia and the Chagos Islands. I spoke to him last week about how the community is doing and how the campaign has progressed and I’ll be sharing the update in my next post. It’s good news and it could be a step forward.

About the Author:

Evan Wilkinson is a Community Filmmaker based in Brighton. As well as producing videos and community film projects, Evan teaches workshops in filmmaking, script development and animation. For more information please visit: http://evanwilkinson.co.uk

15 Movie Mums for Mother’s Day

It’s Mother’s Day tomorrow, so I’m taking a look at some of cinema’s most iconic mothers, both good and bad.

Manuela, All About My Mother

Directed by Pedro Almodovar 1999

After the tragic loss of her son, single mother Manuela takes a journey to reconnect with her past. Manuela’s maternal instinct seems to extend to all she meets as she supports, protects, nurses and advises the friends that she encounters.

Almodóvar dedicated this film “To all actresses who have played actresses. To all women who act. To men who act and become women. To all the people who want to be mothers. To my mother.”

Mrs Voorhees, Friday the 13th

Directed by Sean S. Cunningham 1980

“Kill her, Mommy! Kill her!”

Jason is the iconic killer of the Friday the 13th franchise but it was his mother who was the first to start killing off promiscuous teens at Camp Crystal Lake. Not even Kevin Bacon is safe from this revenge-seeking Mum.

M’Lynn Eatenton, Steel Magnolias or Sally Field in EVERYTHING

Directed by Herbert Ross 1989

Hollywood’s Mum Sally Field has made a career out of playing mothers on the big and small screen, so many that this list could have been entirely populated with them – Norma Rae, Celeste in Soapdish, Betty in Not Without My Daughter, Miranda in Mrs Doubtfire and Forest Gump’s mum to name a few.

Beverly Sutphin, Serial Mom

Directed by John Waters 1994

“Beverly, I’ve read all about this. Is it menopause?”

Katheen Turner relishes in the role of deranged suburban housewife and serial killer Beverly, in John Waters’ black comedy. Beverly wants everything in life to be perfect, she’s just prepared to go a little further than most to uphold her idea of family values.

Peg Boggs, Edward Scissorhands

Directed by Tim Burton 1990

Peg is the sweet Avon lady who discovers Edward and brings him home in Burton’s dark fairytale. Dianne Wiest gives a spectacular performance in the role and her character, the first we meet in the film, serves as the perfect introduction to the world of the film and helps to establish its quirky tone.

Sarah Connor, Terminator 2: Judgement Day

Directed by James Cameron 1991

Sarah Connor is the ultimate lioness, fiercely doing all she can to protect her son and the fate of the world. Her evolution from the first film to the second is a major transformation from damsel in distress to warrior woman, also making her one of the most iconic female characters in science fiction cinema. She might not be the warmest of mothers but you’d want her in your corner in a crisis.

Norma Bates, Psycho

Directed by Alfred Hitchcock 1960

“A boy’s best friend is his mother.”

Mrs Bates is one of the most iconic movie mothers of all time and she’s not even in the film save for a few brief shots of her corpse. Such is her influence over Norman that her presence extends beyond the grave and has a grip over the entire film. Norma’s twisted relationship with her son inspired several sequels and a recent TV series.

Renee LeBlanc, Tarnation

Directed by Jonathan Cahouette 2003

Jonathan Cahouette’s autobiographical documentary details his difficult relationship with his mentally ill mother, Renee. The film made headlines in 2003 for being made for a budget of $218 using iMovie. It pieces together a collage of home video footage, performances, answer phone messages and video diaries. This challenging documentary depicts an unconventional mother and son relationship that is raw and powerful.

Mildred Pierce, Mildred Pierce

Directed by Michael Curtiz 1945

Joan Crawford plays long-suffering mother Mildred Pierce, who is unappreciated by her selfish daughter in this classic film noir. After separating from her first husband Mildred finds work to support the middle-classed lifestyle her children are accustomed to, particularly pretentious Veda, who is ashamed of her mother’s working status. Mildred does everything she can for her family but her wealth-obsessed daughter is eventually her undoing.

Mildred’s drive to be an independent woman is admirable in a time when women’s roles were in flux after the war, although it is unfortunate that this desire seems to ultimately be punished. The film noir genre was built from the uncertainty of this period as well as a deeply paranoid suspicion of women. Veda fulfils the femme fatale role here, but we are at least aligned with Mildred and sympathetic to her fate.

Joan Crawford, Mommie Dearest

Directed by Frank Perry 1981

We can’t talk about Joan Crawford without taking a look at this camp classic. Based on the tell-all memoir by Christina Crawford, the film details the emotional and physical abuse Christina suffered from her unhinged adoptive mother. While the details of the film are shocking, the heightened melodrama is so over the top that the film is unintentionally comedic.

Rosemary Woodhouse, Rosemary’s Baby

Directed by Roman Polanski 1968

Roman Polanski’s chilling horror film depicts Rosemary’s unsettling journey to motherhood. Rosemary is surrounded by people who control her body by sedating her, raping her, impregnating her and forcing drinks, food and instructions on her for the sake of the baby. Rosemary’s anxiety builds as she suffers through the difficult pregnancy. Her attempts to rebel against these overbearing forces prove futile, however, as her own maternal instincts compel her to accept and protect her child, even though he is the antichrist.

This excellent blog post by Erin Fenner explains why “Rosemary’s Baby is a horror about being a woman.”

Edith “Big Edie” Ewing Bouvier Beale, Grey Gardens

Directed by Albert & David Maysles, Ellen Hovde & Muffie Meyer 1975

The Maysles brothers pioneered the ‘fly on the wall’ documentary style, trying to have as little influence on their documentary subjects as possible in order to present them naturally. In Grey Gardens they turn their camera to two socialites living in a rundown house in the Hamptons. Although her daughter, Little Edie, became the real breakout star of the film, Big Edie still holds her own. The complex relationship between these two eccentric women is loving, co-dependent and at times resentful, but ultimately united and protective.

Sadly, Albert Maysles died this month, but his films have a respected place in cinematic history, particularly this cult classic.

Ellen Ripley & The Alien Queen, Aliens

Directed by James Cameron 1986

Ripley is one of the most iconic female characters in science fiction cinema (along with Sarah Connor, mentioned earlier) and one of the most popular. In this sequel to Alien, Ripley’s character undergoes a transformation in her developing role as adoptive mother to rescued Newt. This relationship brought a new dimension to Ripley’s character, showing her as tough and strong but with the capacity to also be caring and soft. It also gave her someone to protect at all costs. The film (and the Alien series as a whole) is full of imagery to do with impregnation and birth trauma. It is fitting then that this film also debuts the Alien Queen, the most monstrous mother figure ever committed to screen. These two movie mothers face off at the end of the movie in an epic battle, each fighting for the survival of their young.

Godzilla, Godzilla

Directed by Roland Emmerich 1998

Yes, this film is terrible – let’s get that out of the way first.

I was a giant-lizard loving 14 year old when this movie came out and I was totally onboard for this one at the time.  I’ll bet some of you are asking – isn’t Godzilla male? Yes, he is (although apparently it’s up for debate)  although in Emmerich’s universally panned take on the character, Matthew Broderick’s scientist discovered that Godzilla was reproducing asexually and had layed a motherload of Godzuki eggs inside Madison Square Gardens. That’s right – Godzilla’s a Mum.

Who are your favourite Movie Mums? Let me know on Twitter.

My Favourite Films by Female Directors

It’s International Women’s Day and today I’m celebrating women in film.

These are some of my favourite films by female directors:

Wadjda (Haigaa al-Mansour, 2012)
Wadjda wants a bike, but girls can’t ride bikes. This film sensitively captures the frustration and determination of a young girl who refuses to accept that being a girl should keep her from what she wants in life.
Clueless (Amy Heckerling, 1995)
This iconic teen movie is endlessly quotable and set the standard for the genre.
Whale Rider (Niki Caro, 2002)
Another inspirational tale of a young girl blazing a trail to prove her worth in a male-dominated culture.
Me And You And Everyone We Know (Miranda July, 2005)
I LOVE Miranda July. She has such a unique yet relatable perspective.
Waitress (Adrienne Shelly, 2007)
An unwanted pregnancy leads a downtrodden waitress to re-evaluate her life and realise that she deserves a lot more. And the pies… oh god, the pies.
Winter’s Bone (Debra Granik, 2010)
A young woman searches for her wayward father and struggles to raise her younger brother and sister in his absence. Jennifer Lawrence’s star-making performance put her on the map.
Paris Is Burning (Jennie Livingston, 1991)
Jennie Livingston’s landmark documentary is a dignified and respectful exploration of New York drag culture, gay life on the margins contrasted with the ideals of 1980s America.

The Best Films of 2014

So here we are again!

2014 has been a great year for film. As usual I’ve yet to see a fair few of this year’s ‘Best Of’ contenders (Nightcrawler, Maps to the Stars, The Babadook) and some of the others have been omitted by choice (I belong to the minority who didn’t love Boyhood). Having scanned through some of the main Best of 2014 lists it occurs to me that a lot of the films critics are raving about aren’t films I’ve missed at all. I haven’t had the chance to miss them yet. For instance, eight films on the BFI’s list of the Best of 2014 are yet to have a general release in UK cinemas, and another is only just out this week. That means that of a list of 20 films, nearly half of them won’t have been seen by the general public unless you made it to a handful of screenings at festivals across the country. That’s great for getting a heads up on what films to look out for in 2015, but I’ve compiled a list of the best films you may have actually seen this year. So, here are my top ten picks:

10. The Double

Director: Richard Ayoade

Screenplay: Richard Ayoade & Avi Korine

Based on Fyodor Dostoevsky’s The Double

UK Release Date: 4th April 2014

 

A Gilliam-esque dystopian nightmare (my favourite kind) set within a labyrinth of beaurocratic offices and dull apartment blocks where outside light doesn’t even seem to be found outside. Jesse Eisenberg is perfectly cast as the pallid non-person Simon, whose life is shaken up by the arrival of James (also Jesse), a man who is identical to him and yet more successful in every way. Their initial friendship soon becomes a rivalry as Simon struggles to prevent James from stepping into the life that Simon had previously been too meek to live. The subterranean production design is strikingly effective in creating the claustrophobia of a world that is systematically and stringently ordered and where every man should know his place. Mia Wasikowska provides a breath of fresh air in the otherwise stifling environment and the film operates with a surrealist dream logic that injects energy into the proceedings.

9. Pride

Director: Matthew Warchus

Screenplay: Stephen Beresford

UK Release Date: 12th September 2014

Pride tells the true story of gay activists in London who in 1984, during the miner’s strike, formed a fundraising group to support Welsh miners, forging an unlikely alliance with the residents of a small Welsh town in the process. It’s an interesting story and although the film is formulaic and resorts to some well-worn tropes, it’s still great to see queer history in the mainstream. I admit that it’s not a perfect film – for instance, Dominic West is completely unconvincing as an eccentric femme and I would especially have liked to see the film’s secondary lesbian characters get a less stereotypical representation. On the positive side – Faye Marsay gives a great performance as Steph, Imelda Staunton is her usual fantastic self and a touching scene where an elderly character comes out to a completely nonplussed response is nicely handled. The film for the most part, is rousing and triumphant. There are some bittersweet moments and not all of the events of the period are easy for the gay community to relive and reflect upon, however, the film manages to end on a moment that we can all be proud to have in our cultural history.

8. Inside Llewyn Davis

Writers/Directors: Joel & Ethan Coen

UK Release Date: 24th January 2014

I think that the Coen brothers are just going from strength to strength at the moment. I love that their range of work spans all kinds of genres and styles, yet each one is also recognisably theirs. Inside Llewyn Davis is a melancholy film with a beautiful soundtrack of mellow folk music. A colour palette of greys, browns and muted blues really makes you feel the cold winter of the film’s New York setting and long for the warmth and comfort that homeless Llewyn seeks on doorstep after doorstep. Whether your sympathy for Llewyn extends beyond that is another matter. My partner and I saw the film in opposite ways – he saw Llewyn as a struggling artist who just can’t get a break, whereas I saw Llewyn as very much the cause of his own problems with an attitude that slowly erodes the goodwill of his friends. The film starts, and ends with Llewyn being punched in the face outside of the Gaslight just as an artist with a much bigger destiny is taking the stage. In life, love and his career, Llewyn repeatedly bears the frustration of being the other guy, destined to remain out in the cold.

7. Captain America: The Winter Soldier

Directors: Anthony & Joe Russo

Screenplay: Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely

UK Release Date: 26th March 2014

 

Chris Evans is easy on the eyes, but even I found the First Avenger an extremely dull affair. Burdened with a lot of set-up, not just in providing Cap’s origin story but also laying the groundwork for the Avengers, there wasn’t much room for plot and there wasn’t much fun to be had. Free of all of that, Captain America 2 is a much more confident offering and one that began to show the wider scope of the Marvel Universe, along with Guardians of the Galaxy, the studio’s second release this year. The Winter Soldier is an accomplished action movie with a grittier, more current feel than any of the Marvel movies to come before it, taking inspiration from 70s conspiracy thrillers. The film also provided an opportunity for more adventures with Scarlett Johansson’s arse-kicking Black Widow who continues to steal the show. The AV Club has an interesting discussion of Black Widow’s agency as a female character here. Can she get her own movie already?

6. Guardians of the Galaxy

Director: James Gunn

Screenplay: James Gunn & Nicole Perlman

UK Release Date: 31st July 2014

I had very low expectations for Marvel’s second release of the year. The first trailer seemed to be trying hard for laughs and the tone seemed off. I assumed that this one would be just for the kids. I wasn’t even planning to see it at the cinema until I started hearing about it from friends who’d loved it. As it turns out, I loved it too. Guardians of the Galaxy is really fun. I can’t remember the last time science fiction has been this funny. It’s a change in tone for the Marvel Universe and it’s interesting to be seeing some of the more fantastical worlds and characters that six decades of comics have to offer. This film has a few nods to space operas of the 70s and 80s in its design – particularly Starlord’s ship – and watching it reminded me of the excitement and thrill of seeing big event blockbusters as a kid. There are also some beautiful visual effects on display, particularly the planets and spacescapes that deserve a second viewing to really appreciate the background detail.

5. The Lego Movie

Director: Phil Lord & Christopher Miller

Screenplay: Phil Lord & Christopher Miller

UK Release Date: 14th February 2014

 

I was so incredibly skeptical about this movie that it took a lot of convincing by my friends to actually get me to watch it. It’s a really fun film. The Lego Movie has a great script that’s extremely funny. The animation is really impressive, combining predominantly CG 3D animation with some stop motion and actual Lego sets composited in. The attention to detail is astounding. (Screencrush has an interesting look at the making of the film here. ) The filmmakers digitally created thumbprints, dust, dandruff and scratches on the Lego pieces and characters to give them a worn, played-with look. The overall effect is a film that looks as if it has been painstakingly created brick by brick from a child’s Lego playset with pieces that we all recognize from our childhoods and yet is brought to life in ways that extend beyond the limitations of the real world. The film also operates with a child’s logic that gives it an anarchic and eccentric feel that pays off as the greater plot is unveiled towards the end. This time last year I would not have believed that I’d be giving The Lego Movie my recommendation, but here it is, quite possibly the best animated film of 2014 and a hot contender for the Best Animated Feature Oscar.

4. 20 Feet From Stardom

Writer/Director: Morgan Neville

UK Release Date: 28th March 2014

 

This documentary beat out my favourite film of 2013 to win the Oscar for Best Documentary Feature. While I personally feel that The Act of Killing was the better film, or at least the most impactful, 20 Feet From Stardom is a vibrant and uplifting documentary and a hugely enjoyable experience. The film shines the spotlight on some of music history’s unsung heroes – the amazing backing vocalists who contributed to some of the biggest hits of the last 50 years. Powerhouse talents such as Darlene Love, Merry Clayton and Lisa Fischer discuss their careers, their hits, their highs and lows, as well as returning to the studio to lend their wonderful voices to the film’s soundtrack. An absolute pleasure to watch.

3. Gone Girl

Director: David Fincher

Screenplay: Gillian Flynn

UK Release 2nd October 2014

 

A dark thriller reminiscent of 90s domestic thrillers like Single White Female and Sleeping With The Enemy. Gone Girl weaves a twisted tale of suburban marriage and the roles that partners play for each other and the outside world. Having no prior knowledge of the book, I found this film gripping, surprising and darkly fun. Gone Girl’s ever shifting trial by media is a fantastic dissection of image consciousness and lives lived and performed in public that feels very current. I don’t want to say much more for fear of spoiling the plot as I think a lot of the film’s entertainment value comes from sitting back and letting it take you for a ride.

2. Under The Skin

Director: Jonathan Glazer

Screenplay: Jonathan Glazer & Walter Campbell (Based on the novel by Michel Faber)

UK Release Date: 14th March 2014

Under the Skin is a film that stayed with me for days after I watched it. The film has very little dialogue and what little plot there is is mysterious and meandering. Ordinarily I’d expect this to make it a difficult film to watch, and while I’ll openly admit that there were often moments when I wouldn’t have been able to explain what was going on, the sense of tension and overwhelming dread made me feel that on some instinctual level, I understood it acutely. It is utterly gripping from start to finish.

Scarlett Johansson gives a career best performance as an alien that stalks men in Scotland. She is all at once enticing, enigmatic, cold, predatorial and entirely alien. There’s no better word to describe it. Her performance and Jonathon Glazer’s direction capture the essence of being a stranger in a strange land so thoroughly that it needs no explanation or set-up. Johansson studies humanity as a curious and lonely outsider. We are often presented with individuals whose speech is difficult to understand clearly, whether it be their thick regional accents, the rage with which they are shouting or the crowd that they dissolve into. Humanity is seen at times as pathetic, humble, caring, aggressive, violent, an indecipherable mob. With these touches, Glazer enables us to feel alien from our own kind and sympathetic to Johansson’s character despite the veiled threat she poses. Perhaps this is the most disturbing element.

I also want to mention the technical brilliance of the film – the beautiful cinematography, particularly in showing the remote natural landscapes, the use of diegetic light to give a raw, documentary realism to the visuals and sound design that isolates and distorts minor details to skin tingling effect when paired with the film’s uneasy score. It’s science fiction but in a world that is very recognizably our own. I don’t want to spoil the ending but I will say this – it doesn’t provide a satisfying release of tension in the traditional sense. It satisfies the expectations of the genre but in a way that makes the viewer feel dirty, complicit, like the instant guilt you feel after the blind panic that makes you crush a spider. This film taps into something primal and disorienting, leaving you with a lingering unease.

1. The Grand Budapest Hotel

Director: Wes Anderson

Screenplay: Wes Anderson (Inspired by the writings of Stefan Zweig)

UK Release Date: 7th March 2014

An absolute masterpiece of a film and Wes Anderson’s best work to date. It’s no secret that I’m a huge fan of Wes Anderson so many won’t be surprised to see this on the list. That said, I felt somewhat underwhelmed by Moonrise Kingdom, which I felt unable to truly connect with, and so I was all the more pleased by this return to form. The film is dripping with sumptuous detail – stylish period features, Anderson’s trademark pastel colours, an aspect ratio that changes to suit each time period of the film’s timelines, gorgeous miniatures and stop-motion animation flourishes. Ralph Fiennes is a delight as M. Gustave, the Grand Budapest Hotel’s famed concierge and the script sparkles with humour and invention. This is hands down my favourite film of the year – madcap, fun, charming and entertaining, it’s perfect cinema.

The film’s stop-motion animated ski chase is my favourite scene. If you’re interested in how it was put together there’s an interesting interview with the animator and puppet fabricator here at Dragonframe’s blog.  Anderson is quoted as saying “The particular brand of artificiality that I like to use is an old-fashioned one.” You’ll find that interview and also get a look at the film’s miniatures in this New York Times Article.

 

As usual, I’d love to hear your thoughts – what were your favourite films this year and what are you looking forward to seeing in 2015?

I’m planning to be a bit more active in my blogging this year so be sure to follow me for more film reviews, lists and updates on my own filmmaking projects. Happy New Year everyone.

The Best Films of 2013

Every year the week between Christmas and New Year becomes a scramble to catch up with as many of the year’s films as possible as I never get to the cinema as much as I’d like. Obviously I’ve not seen them all, and there are a lot that I’m still very much looking forward to seeing – Blue Is The Warmest Colour, Nebraska, The Selfish Giant, and The Great Beauty to name a few of the big hitters. Of what I’ve seen, here are the best:

1.  The Act of Killing

Joshua Oppenheimer’s jaw-dropping documentary is without a doubt the most powerful film I’ve seen this year and a triumph of documentary filmmaking.

In 1965 the government of Indonesia was overthrown by the military. Anwar Congo was promoted from movie-theatre gangster to head of one of Indonesia’s most notorious death squads. These death squads helped the military to murder more than a million people in Indonesia as they targeted Communists, ethnic Chinese and intellectuals, eradicating all opposition to the new regime. The killings are described as one of the worst mass murders of the twentieth century and yet the murderers have gone unpunished and Anwar is celebrated as a national hero.

The Act of Killing invites Anwar to share his memories of the killings and to recreate them as film scenes inspired by some of his favourite genres. It is an innovative approach to the documentary form and one that creates a safe space for the killers to open up in unexpected ways. Watching Anwar and his friends joke and boast about murders as they joyfully re-enact them is shocking and surreal. Their detachment from reality and their desensitization to the violence they perpetrated is cold and unrepentant but it also betrays an underlying inability to deal with the guilt and trauma of their experiences directly. Through the process of recreating and celebrating his acts, Anwar appears to have flashes of remorse, brief moments when the reality of his actions seems to become clear to him. Watching this conflict play out within him is enthralling.

2. Gravity

One of the most talked about films of the year and rightly so. Say what you like about the dialogue and the plot, from a technical standpoint this film is the bomb. This is the first film that I have seen in 3D that is truly enhanced by the medium. Gravity is a fully immersive experience that had me holding my breath throughout. I can’t think of another recent film that has managed to align the audience so thoroughly with its protagonist, putting you in their shoes to the point where you feel everything alongside them. The camerawork (if you can call it that in a film so full of digital effects) spins and floats to recreate the dizzying experience of weightlessness to terrifying effect and beautifully depicts the isolation of being lost in space. Ryan Stone’s helplessness shows the insignificance of human life adrift in the cosmos and her resilience in spite of this demonstrates the primal survival instinct within us all.

3. Upstream Colour

Upstream Colour plays out like a dream – enigmatic, sensuous, tactile and haunting. The narrative is there if you care to tease it out, but it is best to let the stream of images and emotions wash over you. Amy Seimetz gives a beautiful performance as Kris, a woman trying to rebuild her life after a stranger drugs and exploits her using a parasitic organism. Kris later meets Jeff, played by the film’s writer and director Shane Carruth and the pair find themselves inexplicably drawn together, their lives somehow linked intuitively to the parasite and its life cycle. Shane Carruth’s poetic non-linear style is heady and evocative, sweeping along as if floating, layering romance, science fiction, body horror and existentialism to a hypnotic effect. The film’s ethereal score (also by Shane Carruth) is also delightful.

4. Frances Ha

I’m a big fan of Noah Baumbach’s work (The Squid and the Whale is fantastic) and I first saw Greta Gerwig last year in Whit Stilman’s hilarious Damsels in Distress. Frances Ha is lovely. For me it captures that moment in your life when you realise you’re still waiting to grow up but you’re actually an adult already (I’m still living it in fact.) I especially related to Frances’ struggle to be the professional creative that she wants to be and the awkwardness of trying to make that transition happen after graduation when it seems like everyone around you knows what they’re doing. Greta Gerwig’s performance is charming, awkward and relatable making Frances a fully realised character with quirks that are both loveable and irritating.

5. Behind the Candelabra

Behind the Candelabra follows the generic rise and fall structure of the biopic a little too neatly, (the consequences of a life of excess are a bit old hat at this stage) but the film’s strength comes from an astounding performance by Michael Douglas who transforms in the role, managing to be all at once charming, sweet, commanding, camp, predatory and pathetic. Douglas’s performance brings out the humanity in what could have been an easily stereotyped and broad role. The film captures the ridiculous opulence and glamour that Liberace is known for before slowly revealing the insecurity and fragility that lies beneath his facade. While the film deals with the obvious damage of a life in the closet, its examination of the power struggles within relationships is relevant to all persuasions. Also, no discussion of the film can be had without a mention of Rob Lowe’s hilarious turn as Lee’s Plastic Surgeon.

Worth Mentioning – 

I don’t have a top ten and these next three films aren’t perfect. They’re not my best of the year, but they’re worth a look.

Blackfish

Blackfish is a powerful film about keeping killer whales in captivity and SeaWorld’s denial of the dangers trainers face in interacting with them. It’s a gripping watch, although I wondered if the argument could, at least in conclusion, have been extended to keeping any animals in activity and I feel that the filmmakers could have focused a little more imaginatively on the form of the documentary to make it more cinematic.

Stranger by the Lake

Stranger by the Lake is a beautiful sun drenched thriller about desire and human interaction. This film really impressed me with its frank and unsensational depiction of gay sex and cruising. It struck me as being rare as a gay film that wasn’t made for a straight audience – nothing is watered down, hidden, explained or translated for the uninitiated.  The suspense is wonderfully built but for me the film falls flat in its final moments with an ending that didn’t do justice to the story or the rising tension.

Stoker

Park Chan-wook’s first English language film was inspired by Shadow of a Doubt, one of my favourite Hitchcock films. I was so excited to see what this would be like but I just felt that it lacked the bite of Chan-wook’s previous films. It is stylish and put together well but it all seems very familiar and failed to shock or thrill. Good but not great as the plot doesn’t take you anywhere you haven’t been before. Worth watching for the brilliant sound design and cinematography that combine to create some breathtaking moments.

So there you have it. The best of 2013 – of what I saw at least. What were your favourite films this year? Are there any shocking omissions that I need to watch immediately?